Post(s) tagged with "1979"
Shirin Neshat: Art in exile
People like myself, we’re fighting two battles in different grounds. We’re being critical of the West, the perception of the West about our identity, about the image that is constructed about us, about our women, about our politics, about our religion. We are there to take pride and insist on respect. At the same time, we are fighting another battle, that is our regime, our atrocious government who has done every crime in order to stay in power. Our artists are at risk. We are in a position of danger. We pose a threat to the order of the government. But ironically this situation has empowered all of us because we are considered as artists central to the cultural, political, social discourse in Iran. We are there to inspire, to provoke, to mobilise, to bring hope to our people. We are the reporters of our people and communicators to the outside world.
Art is our weapon. Culture is a form of resistance.
- Jeremy Knowles, discussing the complete lack of recognition Cecilia Payne gets, even today, for her revolutionary discovery. (via alliterate)
The Sandinista National Liberation Front (Spanish: Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional, or FSLN) is a socialist political party in Nicaragua. Its members are called Sandinistas in both English and Spanish. The party is named after Augusto César Sandino who led the Nicaraguan resistance against the United States occupation of Nicaragua in the 1930s.
The FSLN overthrew Anastasio Somoza Debayle in 1979, ending the Somoza dynasty, and established a revolutionary government in its place. Following their seizure of power, the Sandinistas ruled Nicaragua from 1979 to 1990, first as part of a Junta of National Reconstruction. Following the resignation of centrist members from this Junta, the FSLN took exclusive power in March 1981. They instituted a policy of mass literacy, devoted significant resources to health care, and promoted gender equality. Oppositional militias, known as Contras, formed in 1981 to resist the Sandinista’s Junta and received support from the U.S.Central Intelligence Agency. The 1984 elections, described by international observers as fair and free, were nevertheless boycotted by the main opposition. The FSLN won the majority of the votes. Those who did oppose the Sandinistas won approximately a third of the seats. Despite the clear electoral victory for the Sandinistas, the Contras continued their violent attacks on both state and civilian targets, until 1989.
Victims of Security Prison 21/S-21 (Tuol Sleng), a former Cambodian high school which was turned into a concentration camp during the Cambodian Genocide and the reign of the Khmer Rogue between 1975-1979.
Of the estimated 20,000 or more prisoners (an exact number is unknown) there have only been seven verified survivors.