Post(s) tagged with "Greece"
I’ll try to explain this comic which portraits more or less one century of Italian history:
1) Resisting to the oppressor:
- Mussolini (the main pig) conduct State and paramilitar repression of anti-fascism (squadrismo, murdering of MP Giacomo Matteotti; persecution to death in Italy and abroad of single personalities such as liberal Piero Gobetti or Socialist brothers Carlo and Nello Rosselli, foundation of the secret police OVRA)
- Fascist war waging in 1920s-1945 (genocide of Libyan people 1930-31, invasion of Abyssinian empire 1935-36, military support to the Spanish nationalists 1936-39, invasion of the Kingdom of Albania 1939, treasonable invasion of France 1940, persecution of Italian Jews [Video], invasion of Greece 1940-41, aggression of the Yugoslavian Kingdom 1941 and invasion of Slovenia and Montenegro, intervention in the invasion of Ussr 1942, foundation of a nazi puppet-State in Northern Italy 1943). May be I forgot something;
- RESISTENZA: spontaneous resistance movements 08/09/1943-25/04/1945 (Naples, Rome, partisans republic in Central and Northern Italy valleys)
- Mussolini is killed [it is controversial whether by partisans or by English secret services MI5] and on 29/04/45 hung in Milan (at Piazzale Loreto) and exposed to the public wrath (in the same place the year before Fascists hung 14 partisans).
- After the war armed people starts executions of well-known members of the dissolved PNF (National Fascist Party), particularly in the regions of Tuscany and Emilia Romagna (this would have been a sort of revolutionary justice uprising in memory of the war suffering and of the countless massacres perpetrated in the villages -such as Marzabotto and Sant’Anna di Stazzema- on the Appenines mountains by nazi-fascist squadrons in the last year of war)
2) Resisting to a public officer:
- Palmiro Togliatti (the frog-like executive), General Secretary of the PCI (Italian Comunist Party), doubtless under the direction of Stalin, as Minister of Justice in the post-war governments conceded a general amnesty for common crimes and for those of the former fascists and colaborationists as well, including for blood crimes.
- Between the late 40s and the 50s right-wing governments hegemonized by the Catholic Democratic Party (DC) and led by Alcide De Gasperi (the predaceous vulture) and then by former Interior Minister Mario Scelba (the policepig, I guess) repressed left-wing workers movements through a new and more organized police jeep-riding commandos; they strenghtened ties with Us covered operations in Europe (Scelba create an hidden insurgent force, GLADIO, to fight communist menace) and was started the political cooperation with MAFIA in Sicily (beginning with Portella della Ginestra Massacre, 1947)
3) Passive Resistance:
- Banned by the Catholic Church in 1949 (as an atheist organization) and out marched Soviet instructions (after Hungarian repression in 1956), PCI was the most relevant structure available for the Italian working class in the 50s/60s but, unable to gain the majority in general elections and gave up revolutionarism of the early 20s, it became a huge self-centered political organism, an impossible alternative in a world splitted by the two superpowers.
- Until the end of the impressive Italian post-war economic growth working conditions became harsher and harsher: production chain and heavy industrial plantations changed Italian society and urban social structures (with a biblical internal migration from rural south to the northern cities). Working class became cohesive and self-organized, able to fight and to obtain historical successes (Hot Autumn strikes,1969-70, led to a national contract for all steel workers)
- To smash Italian social cohesion and prevent the expansion of left parties, right-wing forces, economic powers and high ranking members of police and army adopted the so called Strategy of tension, a continuous succession of terrorist acts targeting civilians (lasting from Piazza Fontana Bombing in Milan in 1969 to Bologna Massacre in 1980) that boosted the armed confrontation between far-right wing and far-left wing (Years of Lead).
4) Resist to temptetions:
- With the end of Cold War communism appeared historically discredited to the Western societies. Nonethless, in the hiatus of Italian politics due to an unheard-of corruption trial (named Tangentopoli), an event that wiped off the two main players, DC and PSI (Italian Socialist Party), from the Parliament, PCI in his reincarnation named PDS (Left Democratic Party) appeared able to gain the so longed power but in 1994 the main Italian media tycoon, Silvio Berlusconi, managed to seize the power (with the alliance of a newborn separatist racist party, Lega Nord). Berlusconi affected Italian politics in the last twenty years, even if he didn’t rule continuously.
- War intervention was anew part of national discourses in the form of “peace intervention” (Kossovo 1999, Afghanistan 2001-, Iraq 2003-2011, Libya 2011) or peacekeeping (Somalia, Bosnia-Hercegovina, Lebanon)
- Left wing policies focus now essentially on civil rights and peace while State repression appears on the basis of protection of public order (see 2001 G8 Genoa summit police violence). This is, anyway, a global tendency nowadays.
ICELAND. Why no news from Iceland? How come we hear everything about the need for “Austerity” in Greece, Spain, Portugal but no news about what’s happening in Iceland?
In Iceland, the people has made the government resign, the primary banks have been nationalized, it was decided to not pay the debt that these created with Great Britain and Holland due to their bad financial politics and a public assembly has been created to rewrite the constitution.
And all of this in a peaceful way. A whole revolution against the powers that have created the current global crisis. This is why there hasn’t been any publicity during the last two years: What would happen if the rest of the EU citizens took this as an example? What would happen if the US citizens took this as an example.
This is a summary of the facts:
2008. The main bank of the country is nationalized.
The Krona, the currency of Iceland devaluates and the stock market stops. The country is in bankruptcy
2008. The citizens protest in front of parliament and manage to get new elections that make the resignation of the prime minister and his whole government.
The country is in bad economic situation.
A law proposes paying back the debt to Great Britain and Holland through the payment of 3,500 million euros, which will be paid by the people of Iceland monthly during the next 15 years, with a 5.5% interest.
2010. The people go out in the streets and demand a referendum. In January 2010 the president denies the approval and announces a popular meeting.
In March the referendum and the denial of payment is voted in by 93%. Meanwhile the government has initiated an investigation to bring to justice those responsible for the crisis, and many high level executives and bankers are arrested. The Interpol dictates an order that make all the implicated parties leave the country.
In this crisis an assembly is elected to rewrite a new Constitution which can include the lessons learned from this, and which will substitute the current one (a copy of the Danish Constitution).
25 citizens are chosen, with no political affiliation, out of the 522 candidates. For candidacy all that was needed was to be an adult and have the support of 30 people. The constitutional assembly starts in February of 2011 to present the ‘carta magna’ from the recommendations given by the different assemblies happening throughout the country. It must be approved by the current Parliament and by the one constituted through the next legislative elections.
So in summary of the Icelandic revolution:
-resignation of the whole government
-nationalization of the bank.
-referendum so that the people can decide over the economic decisions.
-incarcerating the responsible parties
-rewriting of the constitution by its people
Have we been informed of this through the media?
Has any political program in radio or TV commented on this?
No! The Icelandic people have been able to show that there is a way to beat the system and has given a democracy lesson to the world
Ribadiamo il concetto. CHI HA PROVOCATO LA CRISI HA MESSO I PROPRI UOMINI AL POTERE PER RISOLVERE LA CRISI.
Ovviamente “Risolvere” è quello che dicono loro. In realtà per divorarsi tutto.
Scusate ma… mi sono perso qualcosa? Non mi pare che sia stata la BCE, il Fondo Monetario Internazionale e la WTO ad indebitare fino all’inverosimile l’Italia. E nessuno ci ha obbligato ad aderire al clima liberista che si è diffuso a partire dagli anni Ottanta, alla globalizzazione e alla speculazione finanziaria. Sono state tutte scelte dei nostri politicanti, dagli anni ruggenti della DC a Craxi e Berlusconi.
Prendiamoci le nostre responsabilità come popolo e come nazione nell’attuale crisi che stiamo affrontando, evitando di scaricare le colpe su qualcun altro.