Post(s) tagged with "Italian art"
Caravaggio (29 September 1571 – 18 July 1610) - Death of the Virgin, 1601-06. Oil on canvas
From the Musée du Louvre:
When he painted The Death of the Virgin (c. 1601-6), Caravaggio had been working in Rome for fifteen years. The work was commissioned by a Vatican law official for his family chapel in the church of Santa Maria della Scala in Rome, but was refused by the clergy who considered it unworthy of the site. Caravaggio’s brutal view, very realistic and virtually devoid of holiness, provoked strong reactions in the public of his time.
This painting perfectly illustrates the iconographic and formal revolution that Caravaggio instigated in the late 16th and early 17th centuries. Distancing himself from the precious, affected mannerist vogue, the artist inaugurated a frank, robust, energetic style. He took on the task of translating people’s reality and emotions without worrying about the conventions of representations of the sacred. His impact on the evolution of pictorial conceptions in the 17th century was considerable.
Gian Lorenzo Bernini - Beata Ludovica Albertoni (Blessed Ludovica Albertoni), 1671-74. Marble
The monument was commissioned from Bernini by Cardinal Paluzzi degli Albertoni, who had taken the name Altieri after the elevation of a kinsman of his family by marriage, who became Pope Clement X (1670-76). It is not clear how much Bernini was paid. He was seventy one years old when he began the work, and it was one of his last sculptures. The white marble figure represents the nun Ludovica Albertoni, a distant relative of the Cardinal, on her deathbed; she died in 1533. She is portrayed as experiencing both mortal suffering and religious ecstasy, surrounded by putti, and waiting to rise to the Holy Spirit. A recessed side window to the left helps to illuminate the sculptural subject.
[TW] Artemisia Gentileschi (1593–1652) was an Italian Baroque painter and a completely kickass lady. One of her best known paintings is the gory Giuditta che decapita Oloferne, (Judith Beheading Holofernes), which she painted when she was nineteen years old during the trial of her rapist, Agostino Tassi. The trial was a grueling and humiliating ordeal for Artemisia, who had to undergo a gynecological exam and torture with thumbscrews to determine if she was telling the truth. Tassi was eventually found guilty, but never faced punishment for his crimes. It’s clear from her painting what Artemisia’s feelings on the subject were.